Brief Introduction of Barcelona
is a city in Spain. It is the capital and
largest city of Catalonia, as well as the second
most populous municipality of Spain. With a
population of 1.6 million within city limits,
its urban area extends to numerous neighbouring
municipalities within the Province of Barcelona
and is home to around 4.7 million people, making
it the sixth most populous urban area in the
European Union after Paris, London, Madrid, the
Ruhr area and Milan. It is the largest
metropolis on the western Mediterranean Sea,
located on the coast between the mouths of the
rivers Llobregat and Besòs, and bounded to the
west by the Serra de Collserola mountain range,
the tallest peak of which is 512 metres (1,680
Founded as a Roman city, in the Middle Ages Barcelona became the capital of the County of Barcelona. After merging with the Kingdom of Aragon, Barcelona continued to be an important city in the Crown of Aragon as an economic and administrative centre of this Crown and the capital of the Principality of Catalonia. Barcelona has a rich cultural heritage and is today an important cultural centre and a major tourist destination. Particularly renowned are the architectural works of Antoni Gaudí and Lluís Domènech i Montaner, which have been designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The headquarters of the Union for the Mediterranean is located in Barcelona. The city is known for hosting the 1992 Summer Olympics as well as world-class conferences and expositions and also many international sport tournaments.
Barcelona is one of the world's leading tourist, economic, trade fair and cultural centres, and its influence in commerce, education, entertainment, media, fashion, science, and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities. It is a major cultural and economic centre in southwestern Europe, 24th in the world (before Zürich, after Frankfurt) and a financial centre. In 2008 it was the fourth most economically powerful city by GDP in the European Union and 35th in the world with GDP amounting to €177 billion. In 2012 Barcelona had a GDP of $170 billion; and it was leading Spain in employment rate in that moment.
In 2009 the city was ranked Europe's third and one of the world's most successful as a city brand. In the same year the city was ranked Europe's fourth best city for business and fastest improving European city, with growth improved by 17% per year, and the city has been experiencing strong and renewed growth for the past three years. Since 2011 Barcelona has been a leading smart city in Europe. Barcelona is a transport hub, with the Port of Barcelona being one of Europe's principal seaports and busiest European passenger port, an international airport, Barcelona–El Prat Airport, which handles over 40 million passengers per year, an extensive motorway network, and a high-speed rail line with a link to France and the rest of Europe.
Spain is a Member-State of the
European Union and has signed the Schengen
Agreement. While traveling within the E.U., you
only need your Identity card. However, a
passport is necessary for a number of other
transactions, such as currency exchange,
Visas are not required by European citizens from countries that are part of the Schengen Area. Spain as a member of the Schengen Agreement, has abolished controls on common internal lands, at air and sea borders and allows Member-State citizens to travel around without a visa for a short stay period of up to three (3) months. However, keep in mind that airlines and other carriers require a valid passport and/or identity card.
Citizens coming from countries that have not yet joined Schengen Area may require a visa to enter Spain. The E.U. visitors from these countries can acquire further information from the Hellenic Embassies or Consulates in their countries, or from their travel agencies. Before visiting Spain, please consult the detailed information on the Ministry of Foreign Affairs' website and find out whether you require a Visa.
Note: During your stay in Spain, if you require a Visa, you are advised to have suitable insurance coverage for emergency medical or other needs.
Please note ICAMC is not authorized to assist with the VISA process beyond providing the Notification of Acceptance Letter and Invitation Letter (after registration) issued by the ICAMC Committee Board. The invitation letter will be issued after the successful registration. Should your application be denied, ICAMC cannot change the decision of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, nor will ICAMC engage in discussion or correspondence with the Embassy on behalf of the applicant.